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(Random Notes (The building blocks))
(Random Notes (The building blocks))
Line 203: Line 203:
  
 
modules/i2c already enabled in kernel from above
 
modules/i2c already enabled in kernel from above
 +
i2c-dev module
 
i2cdetect -y 1  - verify on 68
 
i2cdetect -y 1  - verify on 68
 
echo "ds3231 0x68" > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device
 
echo "ds3231 0x68" > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device
set timezone - ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/New_York /etc/localtime
+
set timezone -  
 +
rm /etc/localtime
 +
ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/New_York /etc/localtime
 
edit /etc/default/hwclock
 
edit /etc/default/hwclock
 
HWCLOCKACCESS=YES
 
HWCLOCKACCESS=YES
Line 213: Line 216:
 
The RTC isn't handled by udev, so this check needs to be removed.
 
The RTC isn't handled by udev, so this check needs to be removed.
  
Add after unset TZ
+
Add after unset TZ in hwclock.sh
 
modprobe i2c-bcm2708
 
modprobe i2c-bcm2708
modprobe i2cdev
+
modprobe i2c-dev
 
modprobe rtc-ds1307
 
modprobe rtc-ds1307
 
echo "ds3231 0x68" > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device
 
echo "ds3231 0x68" > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device

Revision as of 00:26, 15 February 2015

Intro

Here are my notes for getting a NavSpark GPS+GLONASS module working with a Raspberry Pi (Model B) for Timing/NTP purposes. They have since come out with a specific timing module that would probably be better suited for this. But alas, it's not what I have right now :)

What is this all about?

For a long time now, I've wanted to setup a Stratum 1 time source. It allows better matching of logs for debugging, and allows a more accurate time source for local network devices.

This page goes over the module, getting it wired up to a Pi, then getting the Pi working with the module. I've also added a i2c TCXO RTC (DS3231) for timekeeping while the unit does not have power. This was added as the Pi does not have an RTC built in, and it may take some time for the Pi to sync with peers and/or GPS to get time set.

This will give me a time source on my network that is extremely accurate for my needs.

I created a custom PCB for attaching the NavSpark module, DS3231, and associated parts to the Pi. This makes it nice and compact to put to the side to just run. Gives it a nice SAF. (Spouse Approval Factor)

What does this page assume?

  • You have a NavSpark (or similar) GPS Module that outputs RS232 TTL NEMA GPS code, as well as a 1PPS (Pulse per second) output.
  • You have a Raspberry Pi (B or B+ preferred, since it has the wired network interface already on it)
  • You know how to wire/breadboard stuff to the Pi
  • Fresh install of Raspbian (either directly or through NOOBS)

Other

  • Logic Level Converter - If your GPS module outputs 5v, as the Pi need 3v in. (Note: The NavSpark outputs 3v)
  • Solder
  • Soldering Iron
  • Materials in BOM below if using custom adapter board
  • Pi Case
  • Good, solid/stable output, 5v USB Power Supply (a good quality power supply can make a big difference, especially when used in timing situations)
  • Setting up a cross-compile environment
  • Comfortable compiling and installing software/kernel
  • Comfortable applying patches

My Testing Environment

DevSetup.jpg



The Code

Caveats

Resources Used to Complete this

Fin

Random Notes (The building blocks)

http://www.satsignal.eu/ntp/Raspberry-Pi-NTP.html

set user password

Advanced options

-set hostname - NTP1

-Change GPU memory to 16M (not used for NTP, more memory available to the system)

-Enable Kernel i2c

-Disable Kernel/Shell over Serial

finish, reboot. login as pi sudo -s set root password

Update Pi

apt-get update apt-get dist-upgrade rpi-update

reboot

apt-get install pps-tools snmp libcap-dev i2c-tools

edit /boot/cmdline.txt, remove serial references (AMA0) (only needed if you don't select to turn off serial console above) edit /etc/inittab, remove serial console (only needed if you don't select to turn off serial console above)


KERNEL TIME

Build Machine crossdev -S -v -t arm-unknown-linux-gnueabi


Recommend to compile kernel on another system --http://elinux.org/Raspberry_Pi_Kernel_Compilation export CCPREFIX=arm-unknown-linux-gnueabi-

may need gcc-config to set current version if updated

get kernel source: git clone --depth 1 git://github.com/raspberrypi/linux.git pikern

grab default /proc/config.gz from Pi, uncompress and copy to pikern/.config

make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CCPREFIX} oldconfig


modify kernelmake ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CCPREFIX} menuconfig


(Required!)General -> Default Hostname (NTP1)

General -> Timers Subsystem -> Timer Tick Handling (Idle Dynticks System (Tickless Idle)) -> Periodic Timer Ticks (Constant rate, no dynticks) -- This is needed for NTP_PPSGeneral

-> Deselect "Old Idle Dynticks Config"

Boot Options -> Default Kernel Command -> Remove "console=ttyAMA0,115200"

Device Drivers -> PPS Support (*)-> (*) PPS Kernel Consumer Support (Will not show up if the timer subsystem options above are not set)

-> (*) PPS Client using GPIO

Device Drivers -> Real Time Clock -> (*) Dallas/Maxim DS1307/37/38/39/40, ST M41T00, EPSon RX-8025 (For RTC 3231 option below)


(Optional)Kernel Features -> memory split -> 2G/2G

Preemption Model -> No forced preemption (Server)

CPU Power Management -> CPU Frequency Scaling -> Default CPU Freq Governor -> Performance

OldKernel

Patch Kernel: http://ntpi.openchaos.org/pps_pi/ - https://raw.githubusercontent.com/lampeh/rpi-misc/master/linux-pps/linux-rpi-pps-gpio-bcm2708.diff

Note: Line numbers are different with newer kernel. Provide updated patch....

NewKernel

>=3.18.x?

Use DeviceTable?

Edit arch/arm/mach-bcm2708/bcm2708.c

line 282 - change gpio to pin 23

Custom PCB uses GPIO23

make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CCPREFIX} -j4

mkdir modtmp make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CCPREFIX} INSTALL_MOD_PATH=./modtmp modules_install tar -cjf modules.tar.bz2 modtmp/ scp modules.tar.bz2 root@ntp1:~/ scp arch/arm/boot/Image root@10.0.3.14:/boot/Image-31229

tar -xjf modules.tar.bz2 mv /lib/modules/<version> /lib/modules/<version>-orig mv modtmp/lib/modules/<version> /lib/modules cp -R modtmp/lib/firmware/* /lib/firmware

edit /boot/config.txt

add:

kernel=Image-3187

Grab latest NTP from: http://www.ntp.org/downloads.html, for compile computer extract ./configure --prefix=/usr --enable-ATOM --enable-NMEA --enable-GPSD --enable-SHM --enable-WWV --with-ntpsnmpd --enable-ipv6 --enable-linuxcaps --enable-clockctl make now wait ~20minutes rm /var/lib/ntp/ntp.conf.dhcp if DHCP, static recommended

    1. Cross-compile NTP:
    2. mkdir tmpinstall##make -j2##make install
    3. tar -cjf ntp.tar.bz2 tmpinstall
    4. copy files out cp bin/ntpd bin/ntp-wait bin/ntptime /usr/sbin
    5. https://support.ntp.org/bin/view/Dev/Cross-compilingNTP

create /etc/udev/rules/09-gps.rules file contents:

  1. Adds symlink from serial interface to /dev/gps0 for ntpd

KERNEL=="ttyAMA0", SYMLINK+="gps0"


Edit /etc/ntp.conf enable calibrate enable kernel

  1. GPS Module

server 127.127.20.0 mode 82 minpoll 4 maxpoll 6 fudge 127.127.20.0 time2 +0.1939

  1. PPS of GPS Module

server 127.127.22.0 minpoll 4 fudge 127.127.22.0 flag3 1

Add other servers/peers, set one as prefer (needed to get PPS lock, see http://ntpi.openchaos.org/pps_pi/)

Tune the offset http://www.catb.org/gpsd/gpsd-time-service-howto.html

    1. RTC

modules/i2c already enabled in kernel from above i2c-dev module i2cdetect -y 1 - verify on 68 echo "ds3231 0x68" > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device set timezone - rm /etc/localtime ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/New_York /etc/localtime edit /etc/default/hwclock HWCLOCKACCESS=YES HCTOSYS_DEVICE=rtc0

edit /etc/init.d/hwclock.sh, line 64, comment out if statement for udev The RTC isn't handled by udev, so this check needs to be removed.

Add after unset TZ in hwclock.sh modprobe i2c-bcm2708 modprobe i2c-dev modprobe rtc-ds1307 echo "ds3231 0x68" > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device


  1. Static IP

Edit /etc/networking/interfaces iface eth0 inet static address netmask gateway

  1. http://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=44&t=16218

dpkg --purge fake-hwclock cd /etc/rcS.d update-rc.d hwclock.sh enable

update-rc.d alsa-utils disable update-rc.d x11-common disable

    1. OLD


apt-get install gpsd gpsd-clients python-gps

edit /etc/defaults/gpsd start_daemon = true devices="/dev/ttyAMA0" flags -b -n stty -F /dev/ttyAMA0 115200 set base_baud before gpsd starts, scans faster.

service gpsd enable reboot, confirm with cgps -s

apt-get install libncurses5-dev bc

edit modules, include pps-gpio

Instead of gpsd - symlink /dev/ttyAMA0 to /dev/gps0, use 127.127.20.0 mode 82 in ntp config, adds GPS_NEMA driver


Uninstall existing ntp, compile/install latest ntp